There are two main types of injuries that a person can sustain in an accident: Physical and Psychological.  Physical injuries are the most common and can be minor, severe or catastrophic.  Psychological injuries can sometimes coincide with physical injuries, and in some cases be the only injuries sustained.  If you believe you have been injured physically and/or psychologically by the carelessness or recklessness or another person, it’s a good idea to have a consultation with a personal injury attorney to find out if you can make a claim.









My x-rays at the Emergency Room were normal, does that mean I don’t have a serious injury?2019-01-22T17:17:49+00:00

Not all serious injuries show up on X-rays, and a follow-up with a specialist, including testing such as an MRI might indeed show a serious injury.

Section 5102(d) of the New York State Insurance Law gives guidance for what is legally considered a “serious injury.”

  1. Death
  2. Dismemberment
  3. Significant disfigurement
  4. Fracture
  5. Loss of a fetus
  6. A permanent loss of use of a body organ, member, function or system
  7. A permanent consequential limitation of use of a body organ or member
  8. A significant limitation of use of a body function or system
  9. A “medically determined injury or impairment of a non-permanent nature which prevents the injured person from performing substantially all of the material acts which constitute such person’s usual and customary daily activities for not less than 90 days during the 180 days immediately following the occurrence of the injury or impairment.”

In order to make a claim for pain and suffering in New York, an injured person must legally prove that they have a serious.  Let’s look at each of the categories:

  1. When somebody is killed in an accident, they will have a “wrongful death” claim, with its own rules and regulations.
  2. Dismemberment is when a part of the body is lost, such as losing a finger or arm.  This is obviously “serious.”
  3. Significant disfigurement can take many forms, but often it is a scar in a prominent place.  This can happen when a laceration does not heal well, and is an injury that might not show up on an x-ray.
  4. Fractures show up on X-rays and even the smallest fracture will meet the “serious injury” threshold.
  5. It must be proven that the loss of the fetus was caused by the accident, and did not happen spontaneously or for some other reason.
  6. This item can apply to a serious “soft-tissue” back injury, neck injury or other injuries that cause a permanent loss of use of a body part – such an nerve damage that causes paralysis, which might not show up on an x-ray.
  7. When a body part sustains a permanent “limited range of motion,” it is considered a serious injury.
  8. Very similar to number 7, but referring to different parts of the body
  9. When a person loses time from work or other activities for 90 days during the first 180 days after an accident, it is considered a “serious injury” even if there is a full recovery.

If you are feeling pain after an accident, you should see a doctor for a follow-up and consult a personal injury attorney, even if all your x-rays at the emergency room are negative.

Hidden Injuries After a Car Accident

According to the Association for Safe Road Travel, close to a million and a half people a year are injured in car accidents in the United States. After a car crash, it’s a tremendous relief to realize that you are all in one piece with no catastrophic injuries.  If it was a large impact, and parts of your body made contact with the inside of the car, it’s wise to consider that you may have injuries that were not obvious at first.  If you have a family personal injury attorney, it’s a good idea to call them for advice on whether you should go to the hospital, how to handle your property damage, the evidence you should get from the scene so that you can [...]

When Do You Need an Experienced NYC Truck Accident Lawyer?

If you’ve been injured in a truck accident, make sure you hire an experienced NYC Truck Accident Attorney.  Truck Accidents are complicated as they involve Workers Compensation and Commercial Insurance Policies that a general practice attorney or general personal injury attorney may not have enough experience with truck accidents. Right after a Truck Accident, you should: Get out of the truck if you possibly can, as trucks can catch fire or explode after an accident. Call 911 and make sure you are taken from the scene to a hospital to be checked out. While you are waiting for the police and ambulance, take photos and video of all involved vehicles and persons. Contact a NYC Truck Accident for immediate advice specific to your situation. [...]

Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Bicycle Accidents

Many cities, including New York City, are encouraging residents and visitors to use bikes to get around the city.  There are more bike lanes being put in every day, and you can rent a "Citi-bike" just about anywhere.  It's not surprising that this has resulted in an increasing number of bike accidents citywide.  They only have two wheels, so they are easy to tip over when they are hit by a car.  There is no protection other than a helmet for the bicyclist, so injuries from bike accidents tend to be serious.  If you are injured in a bicycle accident, an experienced bicycle accident attorney in NYC can explain the law as it applies to your specific situation. If you've been injured in a [...]


QUEENS SPINAL CORD INJURIES ATTORNEY WITTENSTEIN & WITTENSTEIN Queens Spinal Cord Injuries Attorney knows that the back and spinal cord are complicated and important structures of bones, ligaments, muscles, joints, and nerves.  Back injuries can cause pain that is so severe that it’s difficult to move around and to enjoy normal activities. Back injuries can be caused by the following: Car accidents Truck accidents Motorcycle accidents Medical malpractice Accidents in nursing homes Workplace accidents (i.e. heavy lifting, overexertion, repetitive lifting or bending motions) If your back injury was caused by somebody else’s negligence or recklessness, you have a right to sue for compensation. It is important that you consult with an experienced Queens back injury lawyer as soon as possible to find out if your [...]


Prison conditions in the United States have the lowest standards compared to other highly developed countries, and the neglect and abuse in the for-profit prisons is worst of all.  Most alarming is the situation at Juvenile Detention Centers, where children as young as twelve years old are held.  Thankfully, there are inmate abuse and neglect attorneys bringing cases for these children throughout the country. In 2013, The Huffington Post , in the article “Prisoners for Profit”:reported: In 2001, an 18-year-old committed to a Texas boot camp operated by one of Slattery’s previous companies, Correctional Services Corp., came down with pneumonia and pleaded to see a doctor as he struggled to breathe. Guards accused the teen of faking it and forced him to do pushups in his [...]

What Type Of Lawyer Handles Traumatic Brain Injury (TMI) Cases?

Traumatic Brain Injuries (TMI) can cause severe disabilities that last a lifetime. Access to state of the art treatment, facilities and devices can make the future can be much brighter for brain injury victims and their entire family. That’s why it’s so important to choose an attorney that can collect the largest amount of compensation possible for victims of catastrophic injuries. Personal injury attorneys sue people and companies that cause injuries due to their negligence, recklessness or intentional acts and specialize in areas such as car accidents, slip and falls, medical malpractice, product liability and construction accidents. Traumatic brain injury cases require the highest level of skill and experience, with a commitment to help families obtain the resources they need as quickly as possible. Wittenstein [...]

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What is an Accident Attorney?2018-07-20T23:17:54+00:00



what is an accident lawyer

If you are wondering “What is an accident attorney,?” the answer is not so simple as there are many titles used for lawyers handling accident cases.  An accident attorney is a type of personal injury lawyer, representing people that claim to have been injured, physically or psychologically, from the negligence or fault of a person, a company, a government agency. Even though personal injury lawyers are trained and licensed to practice virtually any field of law (as all lawyers are,) they choose to specialize in cases that fall under “tort law” including work injuries, automobile and other traffic accidents, defective products, medical mistakes, and slip and fall accidents.

The expression “trial lawyers” can refer to personal injury lawyers because even though most cases handled by personal injury lawyers settle rather than going to trial, personal injury attorneys pursue litigation to position their cases for settlement, whereas some other types of lawyers never step foot in court such as most corporate lawyers, contracts lawyers and real estate lawyers.  Personal Injury/Accident lawyer have various duties in serving their clients. These obligations include professional and ethical rules put forward by state bar associations where the attorneys are authorized.  Once they are authorized by their state bar association, legal advisors are legitimately allowed to offer counseling and guidance and to file lawsuit on behalf of their clients in state courts.  Personal Injury attorneys can also be licensed to handle matters for clients in Federal Court.

Sometimes personal injury lawyer called Plaintiff’s Attorneys, even though there are also attorneys that do defense work, representing those that are sued for personal injuries.  Those attorneys usually work for insurance companies.  Many personal injury attorneys will offer a free consultation to decide whether or not they want to take on a new matter.  Most personal injury attorneys work on a “contingency retainer,” which means that the client pays nothing unless money is collected.  This is, of course, a risk for the attorney who might end up investing cash and resources for a case and will have a loss if nothing can be collected.  That’s why a smart personal injury lawyer will be very selective about what they take on.  Personal injury lawyers must follow strict ethical rules.  The guidelines do vary from State to State, but what is always paramount is that lawyers owe a duty of loyalty and confidentiality and must zealously prosecute cases for their clients.

In order to practice personal injury/accident law in the United State, a lawyer must sit for and pass at least one State Bar Examination.  Most States also require four years of college and three years of law school.  There are also graduate degrees in various legal specialties that some personal injury/accident attorneys might also have obtained.  Ask your personal injury/accident attorney about his or her qualifications.  Sometimes personal injury/accident attorney will have very narrow specialties such as a malpractice attorney that focuses their practice on a specific disease.  Other examples of narrow personal injury/accident attorney specialties include maritime law (laws of the sea), railroad or aviation accidents.

If you are injured in an accident or in some other way by the fault of another, it is always in your best interests to consult with a personal injury.  Ask the lawyer how much of their practice is devoted to personal injury and accident law.  You wouldn’t want your gynecologist doing your root canal, so probably you don’t want a divorce lawyer to handle your accident cases.

Call Wittenstein & Wittenstein 718-261-8114, experienced professional accident attorney and personal injury lawyers if you have any questions.  Always remember JUSTICE IS SWEET.

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What Is Negligence?2019-01-22T17:25:16+00:00


Queens Slip and Fall Attorney NYC

If you are wondering, “What is Negligence,?” you should know that it is when somebody caused harm accidentally, by not being careful enough, not taking proper precautions or by breaking rules and regulations.

Wittenstein & Wittenstein knows from extensive legal experience that life-changing injuries can happen in a split second.  Our Personal Injury Attorneys at our Queens office are experts at helping victims of negligence.  An experienced Personal Injury Lawyer can get you the compensation you deserve, and a Personal Injury Attorney that knows the turf can get even better results.  Wittenstein & Wittenstein has been handling negligence cases in Queens, Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, Staten Island and Nassau County for over 60 years.  The grandchildren of our clients come to us because we get them great verdicts and settlements, and also because they know we really care.

Here’s an example of negligence, and there are many more.  Jane lives in an apartment where steam heat pipes are used to warm the building in the winter. These pipes are placed in every room of the apartment in lieu of regular radiators. However, this type of steam heat piping – which can reach scalding temperatures and cannot be controlled by the tenants – is often justify uncovered by property managers. On this particular morning, Jane stepped out of the shower and put on a towel just like she does every day. But this time she had the misfortune of grazing her arm against the pipe as she wrapped the towel around her to dry off, and the pipe instantaneously justify a large second-degree burn near her elbow that is both disfiguring and painful, so much so that the range of motion in her arm is limited until it heals. But still after it heals, it will scar, leaving behind an ugly blemish that will last the rest of her life. And she realizes that no, the property manager did not push her into the pipe, nor did he intentionally hold Jane’s arm against it. However, the property manager is still at fault for neglecting to do his job by preventing these kinds of horrible and completely avoidable accidents from happening. This pipe needed only to have an inexpensive protective cover to have saved Jane from suffering.

And this is only a mild example of the kinds of neglect that cause serious harm to people. If you believe you or someone you love has incurred an injury as a result of someone else’s negligence, you may be entitled to compensation, and Wittenstein & Wittenstein wants to come to the rescue. While we do regret your loss, we also hope you will call us at 718-261-8114 to find out what your options are and figure out the best next step in seeking justice.

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Forest Hills Accident Injury Lawyer.

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When Can You Sue for Sports Injuries?2019-01-22T17:21:55+00:00

sports injuries lawyer


  1. When you play sports you “assume the risk” that you may be injured by the “inherent risks of the sport.” A sports injuries lawyer can explain how this relates to your particular sport.
  2. In order to sue for a sports injuries, it is necessary to prove that somebody else’s negligence or recklessness caused the injury.  An experienced sports injuries lawyer will know right away based on the facts at hand.
  3. For children, it could be that the coach, school or camp did not provide proper safety equipment, this claim would be more difficult for an adult, who would have to prove that they were not aware of the need for the equipment.
  4. Improper supervision is a claim for a child, but not an adult.
  5. For beginners of a sport at any age, lack of safety advice and improper coaching can give rise to a claim.  A sports injuries lawyer knows what types of advice and coaching are appropriate for various sports.
  6. A manufacturing defect in safety can give rise to a claim for product liability for a child or an adult.   An experienced sports injuries lawyer can research recalls and defects in equipment for you.
  7. Premises liability rests with owners of sporting fields and schools, who are liable for unsafe playing areas and for the conduct of their staff.

If you suspect that your sports injury may have been caused by negligence or recklessness, a free consultation with a sports injuries lawyer will help you sort this out.  At Sports Injuries Lawyer, Wittenstein & Wittenstein, we’ve been helping injured people for more than 60 years.  Please don’t hesitate to call if you think you might have a claim.



Do I Have A Medical Malpractice Case?

If you’ve been treating a doctor that’s caused you more harm than good, you may have a case against that doctor for medical malpractice. The law in New York allows people that are injured by the negligence, recklessness or intentional acts of a health care professional to sue for the damages they’ve incurred as a result. Unfortunately, many cases where people are injured by poor care don’t meet all of the necessary requirements for a successful medical malpractice case due to the costs of litigation being more than what’s likely to be collected. The best Queens medical malpractice attorneys will handle your case on a contingency fee, so you don’t have to lay out money to [...]

How A Personal Injury Attorney Can Help You

After a year of lockdowns, economic insecurity and the loss of loved one due to Covid 19, it’s terrifying to consider what new tragedies may await us down the road. With vaccinations on the rise, and the economy opening up, we’ll be out of the road more often for work, recreational activities and travel. This is something so welcome, but doesn’t come without a downside in increased amounts of accidents on the road. That’s why it’s important to have a relationship with a Queens, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Staten Island and Bronx car accident attorney that you can call if you need assistance. More people out and about, always means more slip and fall, dog bites and other [...]

What Damages Can Be Collected for Car Accidents?

We hear all the time about multi-million settlements and verdicts for people that are injured in car accidents, but there’s not a great deal of information on what claims contributed to these very large amounts of compensation. It would be naive to think that anybody really collects millions of dollars after a fender bender causes a sore neck that heals quickly. No attorney is that much of a magician! That’s why it’s important to understand what damages can be collected for car accidents before you hire a personal injury attorney in NYC. Economic Damages Economic damages are calculable sums for reimbursement of money lost due to the negligence, recklessness or intentional acts of others. The first [...]

Understanding New York’s No-Fault Law

New York is one of the twelve states in the country with no-fault motor vehicle accident laws. The other no-fault states are Florida, Kansas, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Kentucky, Minnesota, Michigan, New Jersey, North Dakota, Utah and Pennsylvania. It’s called no-fault because your medical bills, lost wages and some out of pocket expenses are paid regardless of how the accident happened. What many people don’t know is that the law was passed to decrease personal injury claims, so it limits lawsuits against the at fault parties to cases where there is a “serious permanent injury.” This law is complicated and failing to properly meet the requirements can cause your case to be delayed or even dismissed. That’s why [...]

How To Get Your Insurance Company To Pay Your Covid Business Interruption Claim

You've paid your insurance diligently for years, trusting that your insurance company would pay out on your claim should the need arise. Then Covid arrives and with lockdowns that close your business, but you're still on the hook for the rent, contracts with suppliers and many other expenses. You purchased business interruption insurance for just such a scenario, but now they're trying to worm their way out of paying out on your claim. It takes experience to go up against insurance companies that love to accept premiums, but don't like to pay out on claims. That's why it's good to know that a New York covid business interruption attorney can help you get the insurance company [...]

Why You Need The Best Pedestrian Accident Attorney

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC,) close to 6,000 pedestrians are killed by traffic accidents every year. That’s close to a death every ninety minutes! Pedestrians are much more likely to be killed or suffer catastrophic injuries from a crash, with over 135,000 treated yearly in emergency rooms. Pedestrian accidents are the number one cause of death for children under the age of fourteen, and the number two killer of seniors. In response, NYC has developed a “Vision Zero” plan to eliminate preventable crashes through enforcement, engineering and education. The best car accident lawyers in Queens have worked with the city to share their knowledge of how to prevent more accidents in [...]

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Are There Special Laws That Protect Children?2019-01-16T22:22:20+00:00

How the Law Protects Children

The law takes into account the immaturity and fragility of children and creates laws that have a higher level of protection than those that apply to adults.  Not everybody knows this.  I was outraged when a mother brought in her son that was hit by a car on his way to school.  He was being taken to school by an older child.  Her son was 8 and the older child was 10.  Probably not the best decision to allow a 10-year such responsibility, but that was in the past.  As they were crossing the street, a block from a school where there were hundreds of children on their way in, a driver hit the child.  The child flew up onto the hood of the car, and rolled off.  The children were in a state of shock, and the driver gave the kid a business card and took off.  He didn’t call the police and he didn’t call an ambulance for the child.  Clearly, this man was not aware that there are special laws that protect children.


The kid went to school and spent the whole day there, afraid to tell his teachers what happened, afraid he might get in trouble.  His mother did not know about the accident until he came limping home after school.  The driver did not know that he would be held to a much higher standard of care because he was driving in a school zone, where it should be expected that children might cross in the middle of the street or chase a ball.  Even if there are no “school zone” signs posted, a reasonable person would notice that a hundred or so children are converging on a school in the morning.


Children love to play, and they can be very curious.  When I was a teen, I am embarrassed to admit that I loved to explore burned out houses.  My friends and I had a slogan, “If it’s burned out, we’re there!”  Luckily, none of us ever got injured, but the owners of those burned-out homes that were accessible would have been in big trouble if we did get hurt!  This concept is called “attractive nuisance,” and it holds property owners liable for allowing access to something dangerous that children might find interesting such as a construction site or pool.


This is how the law protects children, and there are many other examples.  Car seat safety has evolved to protect children from parents that might be too lazy or cheap to provide safe seating, and it also applies to any caregivers that are in charge of a child.  A hospital will not let you take your baby home in a car without an infant seat, hospital personnel will inspect your car and issue an approval.  Yes, there are special laws that protect children, and opponents of regulation may feel that they go too far and are too costly to parents and property owners.  Let us know how you feel about this.

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Do I Have a Case?2019-01-22T17:26:03+00:00


When you are thinking about filing a lawsuit, you have lots of factors to consider. There is the money, the time, the energy, and of course, the case itself. How can you determine whether you have a legitimate lawsuit on your hands? Wittenstein & Wittenstein, with our highly qualified attorneys and years of experience, can help you decide whether filing a suit is the right choice for you to make.

Here are a few things to consider before deciding to file a lawsuit:

  • Many people are under the impression that trials are only about determining guilt vs. innocence. This is not always the case. Lawsuits are not about differentiating the good guy from the bad guy; they are about determining what has been lost and what if any compensation is deserved for these losses.
  • When an incident occurs, there may be a dispute between the parties involved. This is where litigation comes in: Lawsuits are a way to get an impartial assessment of damages and fault.
  • Lawsuits are often lengthy. Wittenstein & Wittenstein is confident we have the patience and experience to see you through. Make sure this is something you, too, are willing to commit to.
  • Lawsuits filed through Wittenstein & Wittenstein are done on a contingency fee basis.
  • You do not need to be a citizen [link to filing w/green card, visa, etc] to file a lawsuit.
  • Wittenstein & Wittenstein will always prepare for the full trial, but keep in mind that 99% of all lawsuits we have dealt with have ended in a settlement and have not gone to trial.

If you believe you may be eligible to file a lawsuit, we hope you will contact us at 718-261-8114 or so that we can assist you in determining your options and taking the next step.

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Did I Experience Disability Discrimination at Work?2018-10-30T15:37:26+00:00

Disability discrimination occurs when an entity under the scope of the American Disability Act (ADA) , treats a person less favorably than others because of their disability. Discrimination of this kind also occurs if unfavorable treatment is also directed to someone who has a relationship with a person with a disability. An example of this would be denying a husband a job because he has a wife with cerebral palsy.

A disability as defined by the ADA is a physical or mental impairment that significantly hinders an individual’s major life activities, record or history of said impairment, or the belief by other individuals that a person has those impairments. Someone who has an illness that is expected to last 6 months or less, would not be considered disabled.

One of the most common areas where disability discrimination comes up is in the workforce. For a practice to be discriminatory, an individual must be otherwise qualified  for the applicable position. Disability discrimination can occur during the hiring process, at the start of employment or even after one has been with a company for a while. During the actual course of employment it can occur when it comes to promotions, getting approved for time off and/or retirement.  Employers from both the private and public sector, with companies of 15 or more employees are required to follow the rules under Title I of the ADA.

Here are some practices that can be considered discriminatory:

  1. Request that you take an aptitude or a medical test- This will not be seen as discriminatory if everyone else in the company has to take the same test. If you are ‘singled out’ to take an exam, that is when it is an issue
  2. Ask about a disability, or if someone close to you has a disability- An employer is only allowed to ask you about a disability if they’re doing so to better meet any accommodations you may need. On many applications you may also see questions regarding veteran status and any associated disabilities- this is an exception as it is required by federal law. An employer generally should not be asking you about the nature of your disability or the duration of your disability.
  3. Refuse to make reasonable accommodations- If you need accommodations, your employer will need to know about your disability. Otherwise, how can they address your request? Individuals need to be qualified for the position. The employer does not need to provide the accommodation if it will result with the employer experiencing  “undue hardship.”

If you believe, you’ve been subjected to disability discrimination on the job, do not hesitate to contact Wittenstein & Wittenstein. Call today for a free consultation.

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Do I Need to Hire A Personal Injury Lawyer?2019-01-22T17:25:47+00:00



Queens Woman Personal Injury Attorney

Knowing that most cases are settled with insurance companies without litigation, people wonder whether they really need to hire a personal injury lawyer.  In some cases, it might not be necessary.  For example, if you are hit in the rear by another vehicle, and have a police report that indicates that the accident was completely the other driver’s fault, you could probably settle the claim for your property damage on your own.  All you would need to do is send an estimate for the damages to the driver’s insurance company and they will likely pay your claim without much hassle.  They might want to inspect your car, but that’s no big deal either.  The advantage of doing this yourself is that you get to keep all the money and don’t have to share it with a lawyer.

Sometimes it’s trickier, even with a simple car accident.    You saw the other driver blazing through a solid red light while texting, but when the police arrive, he tells them that YOU went through the light.  There are no witnesses and the police did not observe the accident, so they have no choice but to say that both drivers accuse the other of going through the light.  Now, if you send the estimate for your car to the insurance company with the police report, they will tell you that they will only pay you for 50% of the damage, or, even worse, that they are sticking by “their insured’s” version and will not offer to pay you anything.  Hopefully, you have full-coverage on your car in case this happens!

In the scenarios above there are “no injuries,” but already it’s complicated.  If you are injured, not only will the insurance company not be willing to pay the full value based on the conflicting stories, but they will also discount the value of your injuries.   You need an attorney to prove that the accident was the other driver’s fault. If there is a dispute over liability, this is when you should hire a personal injury attorney.  It might be necessary to bring in accident reconstruction experts as well as other methods of proving fault – not something easily done on your own.

Let’s say now that the police report gives all the fault to the other driver, and the insurance company pays you in full for the damage to your car, but you are injured.   When you finish with your treatment, you send your medical reports to the insurance company and they assign a claims representative to your case.  You send the medical reports to the claims representative, who reviews them and tells you that they are not paying you anything because you don’t have a “serious injury.”  You need an attorney.

What may seem simple in theory is much more complicated in practice.  They are filing deadlines, and statutory limitations, as well as a host of regulations that personal injury lawyers know how to handle, so the value added by a good attorney is well worth the fee,  especially if you have severe injuries or have lost time from work.


If your injuries are severe and you have lost time from work, this is something to take very seriously.  It might not be possible at the onset to know how long it will take to heal or when you will be able to return to work.  In such cases, it is important to ensure that your claim is being handled properly from the very beginning.   An experienced personal injury attorney will be able to negotiate with the insurance companies to get you the services you need for a complete recovery and to make sure that you get the maximum compensation down the line.


This is the kind of case that it is virtually impossible for an indiviaul to handle on their own.  The cost of prosecuting a malpractice case is enormous as doctors must be hired to testify, and spending that kind of money without knowing what you are doing (and risking the case getting dismissed,) makes no sense at all.  Malpractice insurance carriers never settle cases in the early stages, so it’s not like you can just pick up a phone.  Litigation will be necessary.


Some insurance companies are easier to settle with than others.  There are insurance companies that will not settle claims at all unless there is some litigation done.  Personal injury attorneys know the insurance companies and what has to be done with each one to maximize a claim.  A good lawyer will make a jury case to a jury if necessary.


It is difficult to make a decision to settle your case if you don’t understand it’s value.  Personal injury attorneys have seen similar sets of facts before and have a good sense of what a case is worth.  You may think you case is worth $100,000, but it’s really only worth $50,000.  You may have a $200,000 and settle for only $10,000.  You need a legal expert to guide you in these decisions.

If you have any questions please feel free to request a FREE CONSULTATION with WITTENSTEIN & WITTENSTEIN.  Call 718-261-8114 to make an appointment.

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What is Medical Malpractice?2019-01-16T20:25:00+00:00
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Is Workers Compensation the Exclusive Remedy for Construction Accidents?2019-01-22T20:15:40+00:00


If you are wondering, “Is Workers Compensation the exclusive remedy for constructions accidents,?” the answer is that sometimes there are additional ways to collect compensation.


  • Grave Injuries – Applies to catastrophic injuries sustained in an accident.  This provision has been interpreted very narrowly by the New York Courts, denying a lawsuit to a worker that lost part of all the fingers of one hand, ruling that it must be the “entire finger,” to qualify as an exception to exclusive remedy.
    • death;
    • permanent and total loss of use or amputation of an arm, leg, hand or foot;
    • loss of multiple fingers;
    • loss of multiple toes;
    • paraplegia or quadriplegia;
    • total and permanent blindness;
    • total and permanent deafness;
    • loss of nose;
    • loss of ear;
    • permanent and severe facial disfigurement;
    • loss of an index finger; or
    • an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force resulting in permanent total disability.
  • Intentional Conduct – The employer does something to intentionally harm the worker.  The New York courts have interpreted this exception narrowly as well.  The employer must have actually wanted the worker to be hurt and did something to hurt this particular worker.  No degree of recklessness would suffice.  There are provisions under the Labor Law that would apply to unsafe conditions.


  1. The Scaffold Law, limited to construction workers, allows lawsuits against employers when injured was caused by a defect in a safety device, “at an elevation.”  This doesn’t mean that you need to be 1,000 feet up in the air.  Courts have upheld the use of a ladder for meeting the requirement of “at an elevation,” but it must be a problem with the ladder that caused the fall.  It’s not enough just to be high up, the fall must be “caused by gravity.”  The right to sue was denied to a worker who hurt is back to due to the design of a harness used at the top of a skyscraper, because the injury was not from falling.  You could sue if you were hit by debris caused by malfunctioning devices “at an elevation, but not because your co-workers dropped their water bottle on you.
  2. Labor law will also allow some suits based on an unsafe work site


  1. If the injury was caused, at least in part, by the acts or omissions of somebody not employed by the company, such a delivery person, a lawsuit can commence against that person and/or entity.


  1. If the injury was caused, at least in part, by a defect in a product, a product liability claim would be allowable.

I doubt you’re still wondering, “Is Worker’s Compensation the Exclusive Remedy for Construction Accidents,” but you might have some follow-up questions.  Feel free to give us a call at 718-261-8114.

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Can I Sue In New York If I’m Not a Citizen?2019-01-22T17:25:04+00:00

Can I sue in New York if I'm not a citizen?


If you are wondering, “Can I sue in New York if I’m not a citizen,?” the answer is yes.  TOURISTS AND IMMIGRANTS CAN TAKE A STAND, TOO!  So, if you are a tourist or an immigrant, and in need of legal assistance in the United States, don’t be afraid to fight for your rights! Even if you are in the country illegally, you still have a right to sue.  Attorneys and insurance companies are not required to report immigration status.  Wittenstein & Wittenstein can help you seek compensation for any injustices done to you, just like anybody else.

Non-native residents and tourists in the United States are hesitant to file lawsuits because they are afraid they do not have the same rights as citizens. But you need not feel fear: let an experienced and highly qualified attorney from Wittenstein & Wittenstein decide the merits of your case. We understand that immigrants face special challenges when filing a lawsuit in the United States. The laws of your home country may not be the same as the laws here. You may not speak English very well, so the idea of sorting through legal jargon—which is difficult even for Americans to understand—is scary. But Wittenstein & Wittenstein is dedicated to helping. With our small size, we are able to give you the individual attention you need to feel comfortable with your litigation. Additionally, we are prepared with translators on staff to assist you in making decisions. This kind of special attention cannot be found at a large firm, which is why Wittenstein & Wittenstein takes pride in its size.

It is not true that you must be a citizen to file a lawsuit in the United States. Common examples of people who are eligible to file suit are:

  • Students on Student Visas
  • Workers with Work Visas
  • Green Card holders
  • Non-citizen residents
  • Illegal immigrants
  • Tourists

If you are not from the United States but believe you have a case to file in this country, please call Wittenstein & Wittenstein at 718-261-8114 or email at so we can help you determine what your options are and help you take the next step.

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How Common Are Construction Accidents in NYC?2018-12-20T20:24:57+00:00

Despite New York’s passage of more stringent construction worker safety laws, lack of employer compliance still leads to an alarming amount of avoidable accidents.  The NYC Department of Buildings reports that last August, a worker was seriously injured when a piece of plywood was used to conceal a hole, instead of repairing it.  This happened 56 floors above the ground, and the worker is lucky to be alive. Sadly, this is happening all the time as employers fail to implement safety protocols.  Construction safety in New York City can only be improved with both laws and enforcement.

In October, 2017 Local Law 196 was passed, but the City is not doing an adequate job with enforcement.  The most important aspect of the new law was training, but the Department of Buildings keeps delaying the date requiring full compliance.  This destroys the entire intent of the bill as people are still dying because they do not know how to put on a harness correctly!

The Mayor’s “management report” states that there are two construction accidents a day in New York City – 744 a year!  This includes both small injuries and fatalities such as the worker that was killed in a building collapse accident last September.  The total number of injuries keeps increasing steadily. There were only 212 injuries reported for the entire year just five years ago.

This increase is being attributed to fraud and inadequate training.  Another ploy is the extensive use of “fake OSHA certifications,” that was reported on by the Daily News, NBC, and other media.  The 10-hour training class costs more than $100 and a day without working is a big hit from a worker, and with fake certificates widely available, the temptation is huge.  Another ruse is “online training,” as it is widely known that office workers often take the training for an entire crew.

Hopefully, the Mayor will improve construction safety in New York City with more enforcement to protect workers.  

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Why is my Personal Injury Case Taking SO LONG?2019-01-22T17:23:35+00:00


Your personal injury attorney should fully explain why your case is taking so long.  There are many legitimate reasons why a personal injury case takes the time it takes, but if your attorney cannot explain why your case is still pending, you might want to consider changing lawyers.  Some law firms sign up more cases than they can handle, and it is possible that your case is sitting in a file cabinet overlooked, don’t be shy about requesting an update.

These are the factors that will impact the length of a personal injury case:

  1. Insurance Coverage
  2. Length of Treatment
  3. Policies of the Insurance Company
  4. Liability
  5. Quality of Medical Reports
  6. Seriousness of Injuries
  7. Type of Case
  8. Intangibles


The minimum policy limits for automobile liability insurance coverage in New York are 25/50.  This means that the most that can be paid out is $25,000 per person and $50,000 per incident. So if you were seriously injured, the only person injured in the accident and it was clearly the fault of the other car, your case can be settled very quickly. The insurance company will likely “tender” their policy to you, which means that they will pay out their entire policy.  Under the circumstances, it would be “bad faith” if they did not. Unfortunately, although your case is settled quickly, you will not be able to get very much money.

Let’s say you had the same serious injuries and good liability, but the other vehicle was a truck with $1,000,000 in coverage.  Here’s where you don’t want to rush. Sure, you COULD settle this case quickly, but that wouldn’t be the best way to handle it. With only $25,000 to collect, the case can be settled before you are even finished with treatment, but with more money to collect, it wouldn’t make sense to even try to settle the case before treatment is complete, as medical treatment is “damages” that increase the value of your case.  Here’s where we want to hold out for a good settlement and litigate if one is not offered. This is going to make the case take much longer, but it’s well worth it.


More serious injuries usually mean lengthier treatment.  Client’s sometimes ask why their case is not settled when they are actively getting medical treatment or they are still unable to work.  It’s not possible to know the value of the case until treatment is complete, and trying to settle a case at that point would be selling it short.  For example, if injuries cause you to be out of work for a year and half, your case can’t be settled for at least a year and a half (assuming there is ample insurance coverage.)  On the other hand, a case with minor injuries that requires little treatment can be settled sooner, but will not yield as high a settlement. The important thing to ask an attorney is the reason why the case is taking whatever time it’s taking – you should be sure it’s not just sitting in the file cabinet because they are too busy with other cases.


Some insurance companies have a policy of wanting to make fair settlements quickly.  They have a team of claims representatives that follow up on their caseloads and answer calls from attorneys.  You can send them a medical package which they will review in a timely manner and then they will make an offer in a reasonable amount of time.  If the offer is not acceptable, a lawsuit can be commenced. There actually are companies this good – one of the best has some funny animal commercials.

Other insurance companies don’t want to settle cases.  They have few claims reps and they don’t bother to return calls.  They ask for 60 days to review medical records. They make lousy offers to settle cases.  Attorneys know which companies these are and know that lengthy litigation is going to be necessary.  Some attorneys won’t even accept cases if they know they are with certain insurance companies! If you case takes a long time because it’s with against an insurance company that doesn’t actively settle cases, it’s not your attorney’s fault.  It doesn’t matter is your Aunt Jean got a lot of money really quickly with a case against a “good” insurance company.


If you have a police report that shows says you were hit in the rear by a drunk driver that was texting, there will likely be no dispute about liability.  This speeds up the case as the only discussion is damages. On the other hand, if the other guy went through a light, but is claiming that you went through the light, it might be necessary to litigate the case through depositions before being able to settle it.  This is frustrating when you saw the other guy go through the light, but that’s what courts and judges are for. Depositions cannot be held until both sides have exchanged documents and after several conferences in court. This case is not going to be quick to get full value.


If you treat with high quality medical providers that are knowledgeable about how to produce reports for accident cases this is helpful for a faster settlement.  Medical reports that are scribbled and not comprehensive give claims adjusters little to “hang their hats” on when asking for “authority” to put money on your claim.  That’s when an insurance company may want extensive litigation if you are looking for a large settlement. They will want to hear your testify in a deposition and send you to their doctors for an examination.  Good quality medical reports will speed up a settlement.


Assuming there is coverage, it will take time to build up to an excellent settlement amount on a serious case.  This is the type of case where lengthy litigation can improve the final settlement. You want the insurance company to know that you are willing to go to trial if they don’t come up with enough money.  Even though most cases are eventually settled, with very serious injuries you want to prepare the case for trial, even settle on the eve of trial. This can take years, but it’s worth it.


Auto accident cases have a “serious injury threshold” that must be met.  With smaller cases, it’s important that there is at least enough treatment to meet this threshold, which often means treatment for a minimum of three months.  Other types of cases do not have this threshold. For example, if you fall in a supermarket and go to the doctor and have a sprained ankle that heals quickly, your case might be settled very quickly.  A food poisoning case could be quick because there is little treatment once the problem subsides. Product liability and malpractice cases will always take a long time as experts must be hired and complicated investigations must be carried out.


The insurance company denies payment for your surgery as not “medically necessary,” and the doctor arbitrates this denial.  It can take over a year to get a decision. It is prudent to wait for the decision as the surgery is an important part of the damages in your case and having an arbitration decision that it was indeed medically necessary is important for your case.

The insurance company transfers your claim to a new claims rep who must now review your entire file from scratch.  This can add months to the time it takes to settle the case. The insurance adjuster goes on an extended vacation or family leave and there is nobody to discuss your claim.  Of course, the litigation can continue, but the case cannot be settled unless there is a claims rep to discuss it with.

There are many reasons why cases take the time they do to settle.  The most important thing to remember is that it is your attorney’s job to explain why YOUR case is taking the time it’s taking.  If you are in the dark, you don’t have the right attorney.  If your attorney cannot fully explain why your case is taking so long, consider changing attorneys.

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Can an Inmate Sue for Abuse and Neglect?2018-08-18T14:22:42+00:00


Yes, inmates are entitled to rights while in prison which can be asserted as claims for compensation.  A New York inmate abuse and neglect attorney can be hired to represent you.  If you have been a victim of abuse by prison staff or other prisoners, it’s worth investigating whether you have a claim.  If you have been denied proper medical care, disability accommodation, mental health treatment, you may have a compensatable claim.  You assert these rights, you will need the help of a New York inmate abuse and neglect attorney.

The United States has more people incarcerated that any other country in the World, with conditions much worse than any other developed country.  This is despite the prohibition in the United States Constitution against “cruel and unusual punishment” which prohibits abuse and neglect in prisons.  A New York inmate abuse and neglect attorney is well aware of all the laws that protect inmates and will fight for your rights.





Premises Liability – When Can You Sue?

If you’ve been seriously injured on somebody else’s property, you might be wondering if you should sue. You are considering making a premises liability claim, but you don’t want to be a greedy nasty person. On the other hand, you've lost time from work and can’t enjoy the same physical activities as before the accident, so it’s natural to consider whether you’re entitled to compensation. That’s why we’re going to outline how courts determine whether a property owner is legally liable when somebody gets hurt. It’s always a good idea to call us at 718-261-8114 if you’ve had any kind of accident for a specific answer regarding the facts of your particular situation. Premises liability claims [...]

Vaccination Laws Upheld Despite Religious Objections

In the United States, the First Amendment of the Constitution protects our right to practice the religion of our choice.  The State and City of New York have passed laws that offer increased protection from interference with religious practice and discrimination based on religion.  Just like the right to move your fist ends at the tip of another person’s nose, the government will limit the right to a religious practice that they believe endangers the community as a whole.  Justice Denise Hartman upheld the law abolishing religious exemptions to vaccinations, referring to a US Supreme Court decision from 1944, “The right to practice religion does not include liberty to expose the community or the child to [...]

Black History Month Spotlight: Michelle Obama

Black History Month- Recognizing Notable Lawyer: Michelle Obama We’ve seen Michelle Obama poised by Barack Obama’s side during his presidency countless times. Fashionable and statuesque, she handled her position as first lady with a deftness and grace that belied the initial criticism she faced. For eight years, she proudly served as the premiere  African-American first lady. There is so much more to know about Michelle Obama - here are some things you might not be aware of: 1. She is one of only three first ladies with a Graduate Degree. After graduating Magna Cum Laude with her Bachelors Degree in Sociology from Princeton University, Michelle Obama went on to receive her Law Degree from Harvard Law [...]

Remembering Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Remembering Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. “Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.” -Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr   Martin Luther King Jr. Day was officially observed as a national holiday for the very first time on January 20, 1986. Signed into law three years prior by President Ronald Reagan, the day was chosen to be on the 3rd Monday of every January.  His positive messages while fighting for equality set the mood for groundbreaking laws requiring equality.   Sit Wherever You’d Like to New Yorkers love to lament the unreliability of the MTA, and these complaints have some merit, but we can [...]

Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Bicycle Accidents

Many cities, including New York City, are encouraging residents and visitors to use bikes to get around the city.  There are more bike lanes being put in every day, and you can rent a "Citi-bike" just about anywhere.  It's not surprising that this has resulted in an increasing number of bike accidents citywide.  They only have two wheels, so they are easy to tip over when they are hit by a car.  There is no protection other than a helmet for the bicyclist, so injuries from bike accidents tend to be serious.  If you are injured in a bicycle accident, an experienced bicycle accident attorney in NYC can explain the law as it applies to [...]

President George Bush’s Legacy- 7 Ways How the ADA Impacts Us Today

President George Bush’s Legacy- 7 Ways How the ADA Impacts Us Today A little over a week ago, on November 30, 2018, we lost our 41st president. George H.W Bush served as president from 1989-1993, and prior to his presidency, served as vice president from 1981 to 1989. Though we may not agree with all of his policies, the American Disability Act passed during his administration continues to be a major contribution to our society. The American Disability Act (ADA) was signed into law on July 26, 1990 and was implemented with the goal of increasing inclusion for persons with disabilities in employment,  telecommunications, public accommodations in both the public and private sector. Most of us, [...]

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What are Contingency Fees?2019-01-22T17:25:38+00:00


What are contingency fees?

Like anyone with financial concerns, you may be wondering if it is even worth it to file a lawsuit. You may be worried that it is too costly to try to fight for your rights, even if you think you likely have a strong case. It seems unfair: How can you try to take a stand when it costs so much money? How will you come up with the finances to file a civil litigation? What if you lose the case and can’t pay the attorney fees? When you choose to work with Wittenstein & Wittenstein, you need not be concerned about such things, because we work on contingency.

Contingency is an agreement between the attorney and the client wherein the former agrees to be paid only if the client is awarded a sum. If the client gets a favorable verdict or a settlement, then the lawyer will take a normal fee. However, if no money is granted to the plaintiff, then the attorney does not get money, either. By working on contingency, Wittenstein & Wittenstein puts itself at financial risk in order to help you seek justice.

When you decide to accept a settlement or a verdict comes in from a jury, the expenses of the case are deducted from the total award.  For example, if the settlement or verdict is $100,000 and there are $1000 in expenses, there is $99,000 left.  You would receive $66,000 and the attorney would receive $33,000.  You should always receive a breakdown before signing a release which itemizes the expenses (filing fees, medical reports, experts, etc.).  You should know exactly what you will be receiving before you sign.

Contingency fee arrangements can vary for different types of cases such as car accidents and medical malpractice.  They are regulated by laws that govern contingency fees.  Contingency fees are a way for people that cannot afford to pay an hourly fee to an attorney to have a way to get justice if they are injured.

If you believe you have a case and are worried about the financial implications of taking legal action, contact us at 718-261-8114 or so we can help you discuss your options and figure out the next best step.

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What Should I Do If I Get Into an Accident in a Rental Car?2018-07-19T12:32:14+00:00

If you are involved in a car accident with a rental car, you should follow the same initial steps as you would if involved in an accident with your own car:

  • Get your bearings and check to see if everyone is okay- If possible pull over safely to move out of the way of oncoming traffic. Confirm that all of your passengers are generally okay. If someone is badly injured do not attempt to move them, as this can result in further injury. Instead, wait for emergency medical services to arrive to the scene.
  • Call 911-this is especially necessary if someone is seriously injured, if there is significant property damage, and/or if there is a death.
  • Get the information of all other drivers involved- Make sure to get the name, address, number, insurance company and license plates of all of the other driver. If possible, take pictures of all of this information.
  • Write down names and numbers of witnesses- this can be especially helpful later on if you decide to pursue a claim
  • Gather all other information pertaining to accident- Note the weather and traffic condition and make sure to take pictures the scene and of all property damage
  • Take the ambulance to the hospital it is best to make sure everything is okay- though you may not feel pain right away it does not mean that you’re not injured

In addition, you must contact the rental company to report the accident. Most rental companies have a phone number to call in the case of an emergency- typically left in an easily accessible location like the glove department.

Figuring how to file a claim with insurance can be quite confusing when dealing with a rental company.  To better understand all options available to you and know the  proper course of action to take, it is best to contact a NYC personal injury attorney. 

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What I Should I Do Immediately After a Car Accident?2018-07-21T14:16:20+00:00



Queens Car Accident Lawyer, Wittenstein & Wittenstein has been helping victims of car accidents for over 60 years.  We know that even though more than six million car accidents happen each year, it still comes as a shock when it happens to you. It is an emotional and overwhelming time, but Queens Car Accident Lawyer, Wittenstein & Wittenstein is here to help. Below is a checklist of steps to take immediately following an auto accident:

1. Try to remain calm.
2. If you are injured, stay in your car unless it is unsafe to do so.
3. Wait for the police and medical help.
4. Record all witnesses’ names, addresses, and phone numbers, as well as those of any other drivers who were involved.
5. When giving your report of the events for the police report, be sure to confirm whether you were wearing a seatbelt.
6. If you are injured, insist on an ambulance ride to the hospital.
7. Obtain medical treatment immediately, even if you are unsure if you’ve been injured. Tell medical personnel everything that you feel might be physically wrong as a result of the accident.
8. Refrain from accepting legal referrals at hospitals.
9. Do not talk to insurance representatives until you have contacted a lawyer.

Of course, if you are visiting this page, you may have already been in a car accident. If this is the case, Queens Car Accident Lawyer, Wittenstein & Wittenstein can help you seek the justice and compensation you deserve. With over sixty years of experience and a uniquely personalized approach to legal services, we are confident that we can help. Simply call 718-261-8114, and we can be there to help you.



Wittenstein & Wittenstein knows it takes mere seconds for a car accident to change your life. You may have been lucky enough to walk away, but that does not mean you did not have severe medical bills that might still be piling up today. Combine that with the time you may have been forced to stay home from work while rehabilitating, and you have experienced a serious financial loss. Wittenstein & Wittenstein wants to help right this wrong.

Car crashes occur literally almost every second of the day in the United States alone. As you likely know if you are reading this web page, these car accidents, when not fatal, can cause injuries ranging from the minor to the incredibly severe. Wittenstein & Wittenstein understands that car accidents happen to just about everyone, and we want to make sure that you receive the compensation you deserve for the injuries you have sustained, no matter how small or large. If you have been injured in a car accident and believe you may be eligible to file a lawsuit, contact us at 718-261-8114 or so we can help you determine what your options are and figure out the best next step for you to take.

What is No-Fault? Simply put, it is a type of insurance that covers certain risks regardless of who is at fault when an accident occurs. If you are involved in an accident where you are not at fault, your own insurance must pay for your medical bills. The “No-Fault” name is based on the idea that even though, for example, someone else rear-ended your car while you were stopped at an intersection, your own insurance carrier is the party who must pay the fees for the ambulance, hospital, rehabilitation, and any other medical needs stemming from the incident. This may even extend to financial losses resulting from the injured party’s inability to go to work. However, it is the primary goal of No-Fault insurance to make sure that your health is taken care of without consideration to who is responsible for the accident.

It is important to remember that No-Fault insurance does not cover vehicular damage, only medical bills. Instead, it is the party at fault who may be legally held responsible for paying to fix your vehicle. Additionally, keep in mind that No-Fault has its limits: policies are only required to pay up to $50,000 for legitimate losses.



The following is important information you should know about the way No-Fault works in New York State:

  • In order to qualify for No-Fault benefits, you must file a No-Fault application (form NF-2) with the insurance carrier of the car you were in.
  • If you were a pedestrian, you should send the No-Fault application form to both the insurance carrier of the car that hit you and the insurance carrier of a car that you own (if you own a car).
  • No-Fault does have time constraints. If you are in an accident, it is especially important to file for the No-Fault Application immediately. You have thirty (30) days from the date of the auto accident to file the form.
  • Don’t put it off thinking that your injuries may get better or that your health insurance will cover the accident. Filing the application does not obligate you to commence a claim. Most health insurance does not cover personal injury resulting from a car accident, so filing the form is a matter of protecting your rights.
  • Make sure that you send the form to the correct insurance company. Even if the accident was the other car’s fault, the No-Fault Application gets sent to the insurance carrier for the car you were in.
  • If you have difficulty getting information from an uncooperative driver, get a copy of the police report. This should have a three digit code which will tell you the insurance carrier. If you still cannot find the insurance company, the new regulations do allow you to provide written proof of a “clear or reasonable” reason for missing the deadline. However, the insurance company is the party that decides if your reasons are sound, so it is not wise to bank on a late application being successful.
  • Send a notice right away to the New York State Motor Vehicle Accident Indemnification Corporation (MVAIC) if you are having trouble filing. MVAIC is a state run agency which steps into the shoes of the insurance company where there is no insurance. If you find out the identity of the insurance company after you file with MVAIC, you may always withdraw your claim. However, much like insurance companies, MVAIC will not pay without a fight.
  • If you are claiming lost earnings and out of pocket expenses, save all your receipts for car service, personal assistance, etc. and make sure that your employer sends in proof of your wages, disability and loss of income within ninety (90) days of the accident. Under No-Fault you are entitled to receive 80% of your accident-related lost earnings up to $2000 a month paid over a maximum of three years.

If you have any questions or concerns regarding No-Fault regulations and believe you may be eligible to file under No-Fault, please contact us at 718-261-8114 or so we can best assess your options and help you plan your next step.

Our Accident Lawyer Blog

Here you will find a wealth of useful information for victims of negligence, property owners, and safety buffs.  Negligence is carelessness, and when that carelessness causes an injury, a cause of action for compensation can arise.  Learn what you can for yourself and when an accident lawyer can help you.  We respond quickly to all comments, and will gladly take your phone call if you have any questions.  Our phone is answered by a real live human being who will let you know when an attorney is available to speak to you, not just bleep you over to voicemail.  (Occasionally, if we are very, very busy, our voicemail might pick up, but we’ll call you right back.)

Learn how a top accident lawyer can show compassion for your situation and clearly explain all the options.  Please explore our blog and feel free to CONTACT US.

Queens Car Accident Lawyer Wittenstein & Wittenstein get great results and provides great service.

  • Claudine Arnow. Client
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Are Women Attorneys Better for Personal Injury Cases?2019-01-22T17:24:48+00:00


If you are wondering, “Are women attorneys better for personal injury cases,?” the answer is yes.  Most women (and men) feel more comfortable discussing their injuries and health concerns with women, who tend to listen more carefully and be more empathetic.  Woman are also better negotiators because they are not as belligerent.  Women tend to be more patient with client concerns and litigation, and more grounded when discussing settlements.

Working in New York City or any other city in the world comes with its own benefits and advantages as well as with its risks and problems. One thing that is easily (and sometimes not-so-easily) noticeable is that when it comes to the ratio of benefits to risks and problems, men have more benefits and are likely to suffer from fewer problems than women. This can be accredited to the fact in most organizations, men are more revered and hold more prestigious positions than women. Women have to swim through rivers and seas to get the amount of respect and opportunities which men don’t even have to jump over puddles for.



Apart from being denied equal respect and promotion opportunities solely because of their gender, a lot of women also receive less human rights compensation at their places of work. When women are victims of accidents at work and get inflicted with a personal injury, they aren’t always well compensated. They are given less than they deserve and it takes the threat of a lawsuit, or an actual lawsuit and trial, before a woman is awarded the compensation which she deserves.

Also, too many times, women are regarded as objects of sexual satisfaction and far too often, they are victims of sexual harassment. Many instances of sexual harassment are not explicitly violent. In this case, they can be as subtle as some sexist comments, or mildly physical like a tap on the butt or grabbing of sensitive body parts. Actions like this cause woman to fear for their safety. When they go and lodge a complaint at the Human Resource Management department, they are usually shushed or told to overlook it.

When the sexual harassment does get physical and leads to situations like rape, women are usually paid “hush money”, and are bullied into silence. This does not have to go on, as women also deserve justice for unfair treatment. If and when women finally decide to take these cases to court to demand justice for sexual harassment or for compensation for work accidents and a personal injury, they have a very important decision to make. This decision is choosing an attorney, and most women have found out, their best bet is to go with a woman attorney.

A woman lawyer is better at handling cases like this and an array of other cases for a number of reasons. For one, women are compassionate and highly emphatic. Women everywhere go through almost the same thing (in the case of sexual harassment and being denied equal employment opportunities), so it is very easy for a female attorney to sympathize with your cause and know how well to handle and ultimately win the case. She won’t be as unreasonable or abrasive as a male attorney would be. She isn’t just in it for the short term win or personal interest, she will take the time to listen to your issues, and note what your needs are.

Women are seen generally as being more reasonable, less combative, and fairer than men. It is for this reason that their delivery has the ability to effectively sway the jury, judges, and even the opposing counsel in a way that a man’s delivery can’t. A woman lawyer is also skilled at maximizing the perception of the juror to the advantage of their clients. They do this by appearing trustworthy and warm, thereby reminding the jurors of the women they have in their own lives.  In the eyes of the juror, a female attorney’s drive for justice is capable of forming a special connection, and this can’t be gotten with male attorneys.

A woman attorney, as earlier stated, is the best option for you when it comes to harassment and personal injury issues in the workplace. During the course of the trial, as you watch how she carries herself with so much poise and composure, you will be inspired and learn a thing or two about not being pushed around. Be sure to keep an eye out for an attorney with good reviews and impeccable recommendations, and watch her squash the case, and get you the money, justice, and compensation you deserve.

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How Do I Get My Medical Bills Paid?2019-01-22T17:26:16+00:00




One of the first questions people have after an accident is “How do I get my medical bills paid?” How medical bills get paid in New York depends on the type of case you have.  Here’s a summary of some different types of cases and how the medical bills can get paid:


  1. If you are a driver or a passenger, your medical bills are usually paid by the insurance for the car you are in.  If you are a bicyclist or pedestrian, the medical bills should be paid by the offending vehicle, but problems could come up if they deny involvement in the accident, in which case you might need to file with a “car in your household” or with MVAIC.  You have 30 days to file this application.  You must treat with doctors that accept “no-fault” insurance rates.  Your health insurance will not cover you for medical bills from a car accident.  You will be required to appear for the insurance company at Independent Medical Exams (IME’s) and failure to attend could jeopardize your benefits.  Sometimes the insurance company will refuse to pay for a medical service, deeming it “not medically necessary,” and your doctor can arbitrate this decision.  Most policies provide for $50,000 per person coverage, which can sometimes be expended, especially since the coverage is also for “lost earnings.”  For more information on this topic, see our blog post, “Everything You’ve Ever Wanted to Know About No-Fault.”
  2. If you are working at the time of the accident, your bills are usually covered by worker’s compensation insurance, but there are exceptions, especially for certain types of professional drivers (see TAXI DRIVERS.)  With worker’s compensation insurance many tests and procedures must be “pre-approved,” so there can be a long wait for testing such as MRI’s, but with persistence, you should be able to get the testing and treatment you need.  Workers Compensation will only be entitled to a lien on your case if your medical bills, lost earnings and out-of-pocket expenses total more than $50,000.  It is a good idea to have a Worker’s Compensation Attorney in addition to a Personal Injury Attorney in these cases.  For more information, see our article on Workers Compensation.


In New York, you generally cannot sue your employer and a limited to collecting Workers Compensation.  There are exceptions especially for Construction Accidents and when a third party is responsible.  In these cases the medical bills and lost earnings are paid by Workers Compensation while the claim proceeds against the third party.  For example, you are working as a receptionist and are injured when a delivery service drops a package on your foot.  Workers Compensation will pay medical bills while the claim proceeds against the delivery service.


There is no automatic coverage for medical bills for accidents other that traffic accidents.  Sometimes the owner’s insurance will have “med pay,” but that will only be paid once they accept responsibility for the accident, which they are not generally willing to do early on when the treatment is needed.  If you have health insurance, you can use it for these cases.  If you do not have any coverage your attorney will try their best to get you treatment by promising a “lien” on your case where the doctors get paid out of the final settlement.

If you are concerned about how your bills will be paid, please call Wittenstein & Wittenstein for a free consultation.  We can apply the law to your specific situation and get you answers.  You can come to our beautiful townhouse office in Forest Hills or we can go to you.  Call 718-261-8114 to make an appointment.


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What Can I Do When My Child is Being Bullied at School?2019-01-22T17:22:17+00:00

Parents are very concerned when they ask, “My child is being bullied at school – what can I do?”  There is very much now that can be done, even when a school does not co-operate.  When you tell the school, “My child is being bullied at school,” you may not get much action.  It could be that the school is not aware of their responsibility – they may need to be educated!  There are strong Federal Laws and even stronger New York Laws that require schools to monitor for and eliminate bullying.  It is well-established that bullying can cause depression, anxiety and eating disorders – it can even lead to suicide.

The burden on schools to prevent, notice and eliminate bullying has become very high.  A safe learning environment for all students is now a very high priority in New York, and throughout the country.  Despite the efforts of legislators to put pressure on schools to prevent bullying, it is still up to parents to hold schools responsible when they are lax in eliminating bullying.

There are some factors to consider when you suspect your child is being bullied:

  • Physical abuse is when there is an injury to a child’s a child’s body or to their property
  • Verbal abuse is when there “namecalling” or other types of verbal attacks, out loud or in writing.
  • Social abuse is damage to a child’s relationships or reputation, such as rumors or the intentional exclusion from a group
  • The bullying is more actionable the more often it happens
  • The bullying is more serious if there is a real or perceived power imbalance such as a difference in strength or popularity
  • The bullying causes severe harm, including physical, emotional or psychological harm that requires treatment by a professional


When you file a bullying complaint with your child’s school, be sure to include the following information:

  • What you believe the basis of the bullying is, for example, race, gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation, disability, lifestyle, etc.
  • Include a description of the type of bullying, such as verbal, physical, sexual, rumors, social exclusion, cyberbullying (online,) etc.
  • List every person that is involved in the bullying.  Is it teachers, students or other personnel.
  • State where the bullying occurs, is it in school, in the schoolyard, after school or on the bus.
  • State how long it’s been happening
  • Explain the harm that this has caused to your child, physical, emotional or psychological
  • List the names of all the people that the child has complained to.


Racial:  When racial slurs, threatening taunts or other actions are based on the race of a student.

National Origin:  When the harassment is based on a real or perceived belief about where the child or their families members were born.

Sexual Harassment: When students, usually girls, are taunted about the size of their breasts or other sexually related characteristics.

Disability: When a student is harassed about a real or perceived disability and called things such as “retard” or “cripple.”

If you know or suspect that your child is being bullied at school, the first step is to speak to the parents of the likely bully and the school.  If nothing is being done to eliminate the bullying, you may need an experienced Child Injury Attorney to help you.  See our blog article on bullying at school and call us for FREE CONSULTATION.

Our Accident Lawyer Blog

Here you will find a wealth of useful information for victims of negligence, property owners, and safety buffs.  Negligence is carelessness, and when that carelessness causes an injury, a cause of action for compensation can arise.  Learn what you can for yourself and when an accident lawyer can help you.  We respond quickly to all comments, and will gladly take your phone call if you have any questions.  Our phone is answered by a real live human being who will let you know when an attorney is available to speak to you, not just bleep you over to voicemail.  (Occasionally, if we are very, very busy, our voicemail might pick up, but we’ll call you right back.)

Learn how a top accident lawyer can show compassion for your situation and clearly explain all the options.  Please explore our blog and feel free to CONTACT US.




Alyce B. Wittenstein
Alyce B. WittensteinSenior Partner
From Car Accidents to Police Brutality, you can count on Alyce B. Wittenstein, Esq. to go the extra mile.



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What If I think I’m OK After an Accident, and Realize Later That I’m Injured?2019-01-22T17:18:05+00:00

Personal Injury Attorneys call this type of scenario “delayed injuries.”  It happens all the time.  Right after the shock of an accident, and the police come to the scene and you tell them you’re fine, but then you go home and realize that everything is hurting.  Of course, it is always better for an injury lawsuit if you notice your injuries right away, but it’s not too late to seek medical treatment for “delayed injuries” at any time after the accident when you realize you were hurt.  Even though they are “delayed injuries,”  its still “the sooner the better,” so as you soon as you notice you’re hurt, you should go to the emergency room to get checked out.  Follow the instructions on the discharge sheet for follow-up and call a personal injury attorney for a consultation.  An experienced personal injury attorney will know how to make a case for your delayed injuries.

Can I Sue for My Back Injuries?

IT'S OFTEN POSSIBLE TO SUE FOR BACK INJURIES If you are wondering "Can I sue for my back injuries,?" the answer, like so many answers in law, is "it depends."  When a back injury is caused by the negligent, reckless or intentional acts of another person, it is often possible to make a successful case.  If the accident happened at work, you generally cannot sue your employer, but there are exceptions.  Let's look at different scenarios where it possible, and not possible, to make a case. HOW SERIOUS IS THE INJURY? It's not possible to bring a lawsuit where the only evidence is subjective complaints of back pain.  If you went [...]

When you’ve injured in a car accident – don’t refuse the ambulance!

The other day a client called, telling me that she was very nervous about what to do because she just had a car accident. She said that she had the green light, but the woman that blasted through a red light, lied to the police, and the police report says that the accident is a "question of lights." She said she had a witness, a pedestrian, that had to jump out of the way as that woman sped through a red light. She said she was hurt and so was her mother. I told her she should come in right away. She said she was busy and could not come in [...]

What Type Of Lawyer Handles Traumatic Brain Injury (TMI) Cases?

Traumatic Brain Injuries (TMI) can cause severe disabilities that last a lifetime. Access to state of the art treatment, facilities and devices can make the future can be much brighter for brain injury victims and their entire family. That’s why it’s so important to choose an attorney that can collect the largest amount of compensation possible for victims of catastrophic injuries. Personal injury attorneys sue people and companies that cause injuries due to their negligence, recklessness or intentional acts and specialize in areas such as car accidents, slip and falls, medical malpractice, product liability and construction accidents. Traumatic brain injury cases require the highest level of skill and experience, with a [...]

Do I Need a Pediatric Malpractice Attorney?

Pediatric Malpractice Attorneys specialize is handling cases for children that are victims of medical malpractice.  It is a sub-specialty for the types of medical treatment that children receive, and the types of problems that tend to occur.  Of course, just like with medical treatment, a generalist malpractice attorney can handle many of these cases, but it is usually better to go with a lawyer that is more knowledgeable about this particular area.  A really good malpractice lawyer will know everything about the medical procedures for the case, almost as much as a doctor! Did you know that it could be malpractice for some orthopedists to treat children with broken bones?  That's [...]

Psychological Injuries Lawsuits

Some psychological injuries are so severe that they can be as disabling as serious physical injuries.  When a careless or reckless act caused intense trauma, special arrangements must be made when pursuing a lawsuit.  This concept originated with “collaborative divorce,” where a psychologist becomes part of the team so that settlement discussions can stay on track.  With lawsuits that involved extremely traumatic events, this formula can also be applied, and a lawsuit for psychological injuries can be brought. Of course, any accident is traumatic.  Fearing for your life when you are hit by a car or slipping on water and breaking your leg are “traumatic events,”, but these accidents do not [...]

The Importance of Choosing the Right Brain Injury Attorney

When you, or somebody in your family, is injured in a serious accident, the wolves start to circle around looking for their kickback. These predators don’t care about access to state of the art medical facilities or the accommodations to homes and vehicles that can improve the quality of life for you or your loved ones. All they care about is the kickback they’re going to get from the unethical attorneys and therapy mills that they work with. Steer clear of these scoundrels and hire the top brain injury attorney in Queens that will provide excellent service and knows how to obtain the huge settlement or verdict that’s required to fully [...]

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Can I Sue My Boss For Asking Me Out on a Date?2018-07-19T12:29:25+00:00

Sue your boss for harassment? If your boss asks you out on a date, you say “no,” and that’s the end of it, probably not.  There is no law prohibiting your boss from simply asking you out on a date.  On the other hand, if your boss asks you out on a date, you say “no,” and things change in the workplace, then it might be sexual harassment.  Let’s say that after you turn him down for the date, you notice that you are being overlooked for overtime and promotions.  That’s against the law, and action should be taken.  With the same scenario, he doesn’t take no for an answer and keeps asking you out after you’ve clearly and decisively turned him down.  That’s sexual harassment.  It’s a “hostile work environment” when you are constantly plied with requests for dates!  What must be established is that there is a “pattern” of treatment that creates a “hostile work environment.”

Let’s say this boss that asks you out is your manager at a large company.  If isn’t taking no for an answer, the next step is to report the situation to upper management or to the Human Resources Department.  This complaint should be in writing.  Upper management is responsible for making sure that there is not a hostile work environment for employees.  They should reach out to your boss about the complaint and make sure it never happens again.  If, after you’ve made the complaint, the behavior continues, there is an actionable claim against the business.

For more information, see our articles:

Call us for a FREE CONSULTATION at 718-261-8114 – you’ll be glad you did!


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Are You Looking for a Motorcycle Crash Lawyer?2019-01-22T17:22:06+00:00

motorcycle crash lawyerMOTORCYCLE CRASH LAWYER

If you’ve had a motorcycle accident, you need a motorcycle crash lawyer that knows motorcycle accident law inside and out.   Injuries are often severe and deaths are all too common, plus the laws are different for motorcycles than other types of motor vehicles.  Adding to the challenges, there is the perception that motorcyclists are daredevils that do not obey traffic laws.  Additionally, motorcycle cases are complicated, with some special laws and regulations that apply only to motorcycle accidents. We have been representing motorcyclists for more than 60 years, so we know everything about how to handle your case.

A motorcycle crash attorney can help you get your medical bills paid.  Motorcycle accidents are exempt from New York’s no-fault laws, so you can sometimes use your health insurance for treatment, something you cannot do for a car accident.  Exemption from the n0-fault law also enables victims of motorcycle crashes to sue the responsible party for injuries that do not meet New York’s threshold for “serious injury.”

If a motorcycle is struck by a truck or a vehicle from out-of-state, it is more complicated.  We have been representing cyclists for more than 60 years.  If you’ve been in a motorcycle accident, you need a motorcycle crash lawyer with this type of experience.

2112, 2020

How To Find The Best Accident Lawyer

By |December 21st, 2020|Categories: Boat Accidents, Negligence Lawyer Queens, Queens Accident Lawyer NYC, Queens Car Accident Attorney, Subway Accidents, Traffic Accidents, Truck Accident Lawyer NYC, truck accidents, woman personal injury attorney queens|Tags: , , , , , , |0 Comments

Everybody always wants to hire the best. This is true [...]

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Can I Sue The City If I Fall on the Sidewalk2019-01-22T17:17:10+00:00

You are wondering, “Can I Sue the City if I fall on the sidewalk?” Yes, you can sue the city if you fall on the sidewalk.  The City must have “actual notice” of the defect in the sidewalk, and a claim must be filed with 90 days of the occurrence. It is only worthwhile to sue the City for a fall on the sidewalk is you have sustained a very serious injury.  This is because litigation against the City is expensive, and the investment is not merited unless there are enough “damages” to collect.  If you sprain your ankle, and do not require medical treatment, it is to sue the City.  If your ankle is broken, casted, and you lose time from work, this would make the claim worthwhile.

Often when you fall on the sidewalk, the owner of the adjacent property is responsible.  If a property owner, with insurance, is responsible for the condition that caused you to fall, you can make a claim even if your injuries are not that serious.  It is always worthwhile to speak to an attorney that handled “premises liability” and “slip and fall” cases to find out if you have a claim that is worth pursuing.  The personal injury attorney can apply the law to the specific facts of your case to determine whether is it worth suing.  An experienced personal injury attorney will know exactly what questions to ask to evaluate your claim.  You lose nothing by making the call, and even if you cannot sue for your injuries, it is a worthwhile step to get closure.

These are some examples of defects on a sidewalk that a property owner may be responsible for:

  1. Hole
  2. Raised areas
  3. Uneven pavement
  4. Ice and Snow
  5. Debris

At Wittenstein & Wittenstein, we take pride in our service to the community, and we will patiently answer all your questions and address all your concerns.  Call us at 718-261-8114 for a free consultation.  You can stop wondering, “Can I Sue the City If I Fall on the Sidewalk,?” and find out now if you can make a case.

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Should I File a Lawsuit?2019-01-22T17:25:58+00:00



Should I File a Lawsuit

When you ask “Should I file a lawsuit?”, you have lots of factors to consider. There is the money, the time, the energy, and of course, the case itself. How can you determine whether you have a legitimate lawsuit on your hands? Wittenstein & Wittenstein, with our highly qualified attorneys and years of experience, can help you decide whether filing a suit is the right choice for you to make.

Here are a few things to consider before deciding whether to file a lawsuit:

  • Many people are under the impression that trials are only about determining guilt vs. innocence. This is not always the case. Lawsuits are not about differentiating the good guy from the bad guy; they are about determining what has been lost and what if any compensation is deserved for these losses.
  • When an incident occurs, there may be a dispute between the parties involved. This is where litigation comes in: Lawsuits are a way to get an impartial assessment of damages and fault.
  • Lawsuits are often lengthy. Wittenstein & Wittenstein is confident we have the patience and experience to see you through. Make sure this is something you, too, are willing to commit to.
  • Lawsuits filed through Wittenstein & Wittenstein are done on a contingency basis.
  • You do not need to be a citizen [link to filing w/green card, visa, etc] to file a lawsuit.
  • Wittenstein & Wittenstein will always prepare for the full trial, but keep in mind that 99% of all lawsuits we have dealt with have ended in a settlement and have not gone to trial.

If you believe you may be eligible to file a lawsuit, we hope you will contact us at 718-261-8114 or so that we can assist you in determining your options and taking the next step.

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What is No-Fault Insurance?2018-07-19T13:37:16+00:00

No-Fault insurance is a term that is commonly used to refer to “first party” benefits that are available to pay for medical bills, lost earnings and some out-pocket-expenses for traffic accidents in New York.  New York is a mandatory “no-fault” state so there is always some type of coverage if you are in a traffic accident, (unless you were working for an employer, then Worker’s Compensation will pay similar benefits.)  In most cases, an application for no-fault insurance coverage must be filed within thirty days of the accident, but there are some exceptions.  You cannot choose to use your health insurance instead, and you must treat with medical providers that accept no-fault rates.  There are no co-payments, so that’s a plus over using health insurance that people like.  You will need to attend Independent Medical Examinations (IME’s) with the insurance company and eventually the benefits will be cut off.  Many doctors are willing to hire lawyers to arbitrate these cut-offs so that you can treat longer if necessary.

If you are a driver or passenger in a vehicle, the no-fault insurance for the car you are in will be primary for no-fault benefits.  If there is no insurance on the car, the passenger can apply through their own car or a car “in their household,” or with MVAIC, but the driver is “out of luck” when driving a car with no insurance.  For pedestrians and bicyclists  the car that hit you is primary, then your own insurance or household insurance, then MVAIC.  There is no no-fault insurance coverage for motorcycle riders.

For more information see our article, “Everything You’ve Ever Wanted to Know about No-Fault”

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What Happens If I Get Into an Accident While Driving a Company Car?2019-01-22T17:24:07+00:00

Although you should generally always follow these steps after a car accident, if you get into a car accident while driving a company car, what happens next largely depends on whether or not you were driving the car while in the course of employment. It is important to note that commuting to and from work typically is not considered as being in the course of employment.

Regardless of who may be at fault, as long as you were not involved in reckless or criminal behavior while operating the company vehicle, you should be able to process a worker’s compensation claim. Worker’s compensation will pay for your medical bills, lost earnings, and will reimburse for any other costs related to getting medical treatment.

If the accident is caused by a negligent driver you will be able to process a bodily injury claim against that driver’s liability insurance. This will account for pain and suffering you went through as a result of the accident. If you are at fault for the accident, you and your employer typically is seen as liable under the legal doctrines of respondeat superior. The commercial liability policy held by the employer would pay out third party damages and will also offer protection if any personal lawsuits are brought against you.

If you are not in the scope of employment at the time of an accident in a company vehicle, the commercial insurance policy may not come into play. This can be particularly challenging if you are at fault for the accident.

If involved in an accident in a company car due to another’s negligence, it is important to reach out to a personal injury attorney as soon as possible. An attorney can help see to it that you receive fair recovery for your bodily injury claim, and that your workers compensation claim proceeds smoothly. Having an attorney can especially be helpful when trying to understand the implications of a contract you may have signed regarding use of the company vehicle, prior to the accident.

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When Should I Call a Medical Malpractice Attorney?2019-01-22T17:22:45+00:00

Wondering whether you should call a NYC Medical Malpractice Attorney? If you suspect that a doctor’s mistake has caused you or a loved one harm, you should investigate whether there is a medical malpractice case.  There are many different types of cases that a NYC Medical Malpractice Attorney can handle, for example:

  1. Birth Injuries

  2. Failure to Diagnose

  3. Medical Mistakes

  4. Dental Malpractice

A New York City Medical Malpractice Attorney works on a contingency fee, which means that they must invest a tremendous amount of money in a case, and only get paid when there is a verdict or settlement.  There must be another doctor that is willing to testify that the original doctor made a mistake and substantial harm that was caused by the error.


It is not uncommon for a person to be worse off or even die after a medical procedure.  This might not be the doctor’s fault.  There are risks associated with procedures that are expected, and as long as the patient was fully informed of the risk, and the doctor did the procedure correctly, there is no malpractice.  A doctor may negligently fail to diagnose a condition, which a doctor picks up, but if the delay in treatment did not cause any harm, there are no damages.  Sadly, once somebody is above a certain age, and there is limited life expectancy, it is very difficult to prove damages, so even if a mistake shortens or ends their life, it is usually not financially feasible to bring a claim.


Sometimes inexperienced attorneys will sign up your medical malpractice case thinking they can settle without substantial litigation, as they might be able to do with a car accident or slip a